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Gluten-Free Nutrition for Pregnancy

April 12, 2011


I am 9 weeks pregnant. How do I ensure I am getting enough nutrients for my child? Should I be taking 2 prenatal vitamins? My first OB appointment is coming up, and I need to know what questions to ask her.




Hi Jolene. Since your OB/GYN knows your specific medical history and health needs, it is best to get specific recommendations from him/her.  However, general guidance for all pregnant women with celiac disease includes the following and should help you in your discussion with your doctor:

  • Now more than ever, it is extremely important to maintain a strictly gluten-free diet so you can maximize nutrient absorption for both you and your baby. Pay particular attention to reading ingredient labels and ask questions when eating out of the home.
  • The gluten-free diet is often low in calcium, iron, fiber, zinc, B vitamins, vitamin D and magnesium. It is important to get these nutrients through whole, unprocessed foods and gluten-free prenatal vitamin supplements. A great resource to learn which foods are good sources of these nutrients is Gluten-Free Diet: A Comprehensive Resource Guide, by Shelley Case.
  • Nutrients that are particularly important for the healthy development of your baby include iron, calcium, vitamin D, folic acid and omega-3 fatty acids.

For more information, read Maximizing Nutrition for Pregnancy, part of NFCA's Celiac Disease and Women's Health section (

I would also recommend seeing the doctor who is managing your celiac disease in addition to your OB/GYN, so he or she knows you are pregnant and can provide appropriate advice.

Rachel Begun, MS, RD


Complete our Celiac Disease Symptoms Checklist today to find out if you could have celiac disease and how to talk to your doctor about getting tested.